Business Process Automation, Capabilities

Key Components of Business Process Automation

Business process automation (BPA) is the use of technology to assist with or take over manual, repetitive tasks or processes. BPA can generate major efficiency gains, saving the organisation time and money, reducing errors, and increasing transparency. BPA can also enable better collaboration, communication, and customer satisfaction.

But how do you implement BPA in your organisation? What are the key components of a successful BPA strategy? In this blog post, we will explore some of the essential elements of BPA and how they can help you achieve your business goals.

  1. Define the goals of your automation

Before you start automating your business processes, you need to have a clear vision of what you want to achieve. What are the pain points or challenges that you want to address? What are the benefits or outcomes that you expect from automation? How will you measure the success of your automation efforts? Having a well-defined goal will help you prioritise your automation projects, align your stakeholders, and evaluate your results.

  1. Identify the target process

Once you have a goal in mind, you need to identify the specific process or processes that you want to automate. A process is a series of steps or actions that produce a desired result. You can start by mapping out your current processes, either by using a flowchart, a diagram, or a software tool. You should document the inputs, outputs, tasks, roles, rules, and exceptions of each process. This will help you understand how your processes work, where the bottlenecks or inefficiencies are, and what opportunities for improvement exist.

  1. Establish the process boundaries

After mapping out your current processes, you need to establish the boundaries or scope of your automation project. This means defining what aspects of the process will be automated and what will remain manual. You also need to consider how your automated process will interact with other processes, systems, or people in your organisation. You should aim for a balance between automation and human intervention, depending on the complexity, variability, and risk of each process.

  1. Choose the right automation tools

The next step is to select the appropriate automation tools or technologies that will enable you to execute your automation project. There are many types of automation tools available in the market, such as robotic process automation (RPA), business process management (BPM), artificial intelligence (AI), or data analytics. Each tool has its own strengths and limitations, so you need to evaluate them based on your specific needs and requirements. You should also consider factors such as cost, scalability, integration, security, and user-friendliness when choosing an automation tool.

  1. Configure the automation

Once you have chosen an automation tool, you need to configure it to perform the tasks or actions that you want to automate. This may involve designing workflows, setting rules or conditions, assigning roles or permissions, testing scenarios or outcomes, and monitoring performance or errors. Depending on the tool and the process complexity, this step may require some technical skills or expertise. You should also involve your end-users or customers in this step to ensure that the automation meets their expectations and needs.

  1. Evaluate and improve the automation

The final step is to evaluate and improve your automation project based on the results and feedback that you collect. You should measure the impact of your automation on key performance indicators (KPIs) such as time, cost, quality, productivity, customer satisfaction, or employee engagement. You should also solicit feedback from your stakeholders, end-users, or customers on their experience with the automated process. Based on these data points, you should identify areas for improvement or optimization and make adjustments accordingly.


Business process automation is a powerful way to streamline your operations, enhance your efficiency, and increase your competitiveness. However, it requires careful planning and execution to ensure that it delivers the desired results. By following these six key components of BPA, you can implement a successful automation strategy that aligns with your business goals and satisfies your customers.

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